The science of management is one of the branches of modern human sciences. The focus of this science is on finding the best way to accomplish the tasks assigned to the workforce to achieve the objectives of the institutions to the fullest. The most comprehensive definition of management is that it is a set of rules and principles used by the manager to harness resources and use them The desired objectives of the establishment in the least time, effort and lowest cost possible.
This is a brief definition of management. As for modern management, it is a method that depends fundamentally on the management of resources, both human and material, and guidance and organization in accordance with dynamic structures and thus achieve the desired goals in the desired form and achieve the satisfaction of beneficiaries to achieve the objectives and thus achieve a sense of happiness and satisfaction and proficiency of employees, It’s the optimal recruitment of human and material resources into the desired inquiry of goods and services in terms of quantity and quality at once.
Basic Processes in Modern Management
Modern management focuses on a number of basic processes that it considers part of its plan of action:
Planning, Organization and Employment Leadership, coordination, documentation and finally financial management It is worth mentioning that the importance of modern management lies in the leadership of the Organization and the nations in general towards progress and development. In addition, it is the responsibility of achieving the desired success in societies, for their ability to harness available human resources or material, Therefore, the management has an effective role in achieving success or failure in the work of the establishment and progress. The modern administrative style depends on the skills of individuals and on the knowledge and resources of money and time.
Modern Management Methods
Modern management methods are divided into three basic methods, one of which depends on the available human skills, available resources and the desired results:
- Participatory Method
Participatory Method: This method is known to mean that it depends on the existence of the sharing of staff in the completion of the tasks of the project and uses this method in the case of the difficulty of completing the full work of one employee so that it cannot be completed alone and the participatory method to facilitate the process of division of tasks between employees to complete the project So that each person can absorb his role and mission to be implemented in the project and gives this method the sense of value and optimism of the employees and thus sense of ownership of the project and the achievement of the fullest.
- Guideline Method
The second method is the guideline method. This method is used in some organizations when it is necessary and used as a modern administrative method because of the situation and especially if the project is limited in duration, ie it is limited to a deadline for delivery or the participation of a large number of employees and it is difficult to leave things without guidance In this method, the manager is required to find typical answers to five basic questions (what, where, how, why, and when) so that staff are fully aware of it.
- Team Method
Finally, method 3 is the best method of work. This is the ideal method for the quality and high level of project completion. The team approach is one of the typical methods of project management. It encourages and encourages individuals to share and share knowledge. The results may have expectations and expectations and the team will deal with the problems faster than personal handling.
It should be borne in mind that a successful team depends on coordinated and inter-team efforts and depends on communication skills. When attention is paid to evaluations, those who have been able to contribute to maintaining the spirit of the team, especially when the pressure is squeezed, can be identified.